Showing posts with label Aramaic. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Aramaic. Show all posts

Monday, February 3, 2014

DaVinci Code Breaker: Book Review 2007

DaVinic Code Breaker: Book Review - 2007

I reviewed this book February 14, 2007.

I personally recommend each Bible Student to have the following books in their library: Vine's Expository Dictionary of Old & New Testament Words by W. E. Vine, The Strongest Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible by James Strong, LL.D., S.T.D. and The New Compact Bible Dictionary by Zondervan Publishing House.

A.D. - Abbreviation for the Latin Anno Domini.

Adonai - The Jews used Adonai as a substitute for God's name, which they fervently believed should be reverened by not being spoken aloud.

apostle - From Greek apostolos, meaning "commissioned one" or "the one sent." The orginal twelve (Matthew 10:2 - 4; Mark 3:16 - 19; Luke 6:12 - 16).

After Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus, Matthias replaced him as the twelfth apostle (Acts 1: 21-26). Paul of Tarsus, once known as Saul, later became an apostle through special commission from Jesus (I Cor. 15:9 - 10; Gal. 1:1).

Aramaic - was one of the languages Jesus spoke (Mark 5:41).

B.C. - Abbreviation for "Before Christ" - a calendar designation intended to represent the years before the birth of Jesus.

Bible - There are sixty-six books, writing that provide believers with an awe-inspiring record of God's nature and character. The Bible has withstood the most overwhelming scrutiny. The Old Testament authors allude to a new "covenant" (agreement or contract) that was later revealed through Jesus Christ (Jer. 31:31- 34); the New Testament confirms the full authenticity and dependability of the Old (John 10:35; 2 Tim. 3:14-16) and asserts its own authority (I Tim 5:18 - Luke 10:7 as Scripture; see also 2 Peter 3:15 - 16).

Christ - From Greek Christos, "anointed one."

Cross - The New Testament accounts say that Jesus was crucified on a stauros (Greek: "cross" or execution stake).

disciple - English translation of the Greek mathetes, "learner" or "follower." Jesus defined a disciple's calling in this way: "If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow me" (Mark 8:34).

Elohim - Hebrew title for God. Plural.

Eve - First female in creation (Gen. 1 - 3); "the mother of all living."

Jehovah - Because they viewed YHWH, God's personal name, as too holy to be spoken, the Jewish people substitued Adonai ("Lord") for it, even using the vowels from Adonai when writing YHWH.

Jesus as Son of God - Throughout the New Testament, Jesus is "the Son of God" (Matthew 4:3 - 6; 14:33; Mark 1:1; 3:11; Luke 4:41; 22:70; John 1:34; 20:31), referring to Jesus divine origin and messianic identity (Luke 1:35).

The Last Supper - The Passover Meal that Jesus shared with his disciples prior to his arrest and crucifixion (Mark 14:12 - 25, Matthew 26:17 - 29, and Luke 22: 7 - 23).

The second description of the Passover Meal is found in John's gospel (13:21 - 30).

Mary, Mother of Jesus - The angel Gabriel refers to Mary as "highly favored" (Luke 1:29); she was present when Jesus was crucified (John 19:25), and she was with the disciples (Acts 1:14) after the ascension, following the resurrection.

Pentateuch - Refers to the Old Testament's first five books - Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Likewise known as the Torah.

Sabbath - From Hebrew shabbot, "rest" seventh day of the week (Gen 2:1 - 3; Ex. 20:8 - 11). Christians worship on "the Lord's Day," referring to the week's first day, the day of the Lord's resurrection (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1).

Torah - Hebrew "Instruction" or "Law," the first five books of the Old Testament. Also known as the Pentateuch.

YHWH - Hebrew; personal name of God; also known as the Tetragrammaton. Israel viewed this name as too holy, to be spoken, so when reading the Scriptures, they substituted Adonai for YHWH.

If Jesus is not divine, then he could not have paid for our sins and our faith is in vain.... D. James Kennedy, Ph D., Senior Minister, Coral Ridge Presbyterian Church

The Authors:

Dr. Jim Garlow, has Master's degrees from Princeton Theological Seminary and Asbury Theological Seminary and a PhD in historical theology from Drew University.

Timothy Paul Jones, has a doctorate in educational leadership from the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary.

April Williams, holds a Master's in theological studies from the Divinity School of Duke University. She is currently working on her PhD in early modern European history at the University of Mississippi.

Wednesday, September 25, 2013

Language - Aramaic

Aramaic . Daniel 2:4 . Ezra 4:8 . Jeremiah 10:11 . Chaldee . Gospel of Matthew . Gospel of Mark . I Corinthians 16:22 . Languages

Just a short introduction of the language of Aramaic below.

Language: Aramaic may be found in Daniel 2:4-4:7; Ezra 4:8-6:18; 7:12-26, & Jeremiah 10:11. These Scriptures are written in Aramaic, formerly called Chaldee. Aramaic in the New Testament may be found at the following Scriptures: Matthew 5:22; 6:24; Luke 16:9,13; Matthew 16:17; 27:46; Mark 5:41; 7:19; I Corinthians 16:22. Syria. Palestine(then)/Holy Land(Now), & Mesopotamia spoke Aramaic.

Scriptures & Reference used/taken from: The International Teacher's Handy Bible Encyclopedia/Concordance KJV Precious Promise Bible

Saturday, July 13, 2013

Celebrating With Joy ... 7/14/2013 Sunday School Lesson

Tatnai . Shethar-boznai . Haggai . Zechariah . Iddo . Artaxerxes king of Persia (Iran) . Feast of Passover . Song of Solomon . Unleavened Bread (Fast) . Aramaic . Sunday School Lesson

The Sunday School Lesson for July 14, 2013 is shared from Ezra 6:13-22 (Devotional Reading Ezra 5:1-5 & Background Scripture Ezra 6).

Ezra 6 ... Darius decree for advancing the building. The temple finished. Feasts of the dedication, and of the Passover. ... The decree of Cyrus being found, Darius maketh a new decree for the completion of the temple. The work is finished. The feast of the dedication is kept, and the Passover. ... Darius, findeth the decree for the advancement of the building.

Tatnai (present), & Sheth-boznai, hinder the building of the temple.

Shethar-boznai, and Tatnai oppose rebuilding of temple

Haggai (born on a festival), prophet

Zechariah, son of Jehoiada, stoned in the court of the Lord's house

Iddo (timely)

Artaxerxes, king of Persia, prevents the building of the walls of Jerusalem, Ezra 4:7. Supposed to be the king known as "the false Smerdis."

Feast of the Passover, covenant feast of Israel, kept on the 14th Abib or Nisan (March-April), followed by the feast of Unleavened Bread, which lasted 7 days (Leviticus 23:6). Preparation for the Passover (John 10:14). Women, boys, and little children and men, was permitted to attend (Luke 2:41; I Samuel 1:24).

Passover instituted (Exodus 12:13) ... laws relating to (Numbers 9; 28:16) ... observed under Moses (Exodus 12:28; Numbers 9:5) ... under Joshua (Joshua 5:10) ... by Ezra (Ezra 6:10) ... a type of Christ's death (I Corinthians 5:7) ... kept by Christ (Matthew 26:19; John 13).

Song of Solomon (Song of Song) is in the Hebrew canon of the 5 Megilloth or rolls and is read annually by the Jews in their synagogues at the Feast of Passover.

Unleavened Bread, Feast (Leviticus 23:6) ... typical (I Corinthians 5:7)

Aramaic portions in the Old Testament are: Ezra 4:8-6; 18:7; 18:12-26; Jeremiah 10:11; Daniel 2:4-7 ... Aramaic was the colloquial language of Israel from the time of the return from exile. Aramaic language of Assyrians (II Kings 18:26; Isaiah 36:11) ... A Semitic language closely related to Hebrew which developed various dialects and spread to all of SW Asia.

Ezra 6:13-15 ... The Hebrews; The Hebrews Again In Palestine (Then)/Holy Land(Now); The Course Pursued by the Persian Government, The Governor of Course Obeys

(Ezra 5:3-17; Jeremiah 29:10; Ezra 6:1-5; Ezra 6:7-12; Ezra 1:1-4; Ezra 6:1-12 .... Reference in Sunday School Book)

Ezra 6:16-18 ... Sacred Places; Zerubbabel's Temple; It Is Completed & Dedicated ... The Hebrews; The Hebrews Again In Palestine(Then)/Holy Land(Now); The Temple Dedicated

(I Kings 8:63; II Chronicles 7:5)

Ezra 6:19-22

Verses 19,20,21 ... Sacred Seasons; Historical Sacred Seasons; Instances of Keeping the Passover, Under Ezra

Verses 19,20,21,22 ... The Hebrews; The Hebrews Again In Palestine(Then)/Holy Land(Now); The Temple Dedicated

Verse 22 ... Works Of God; The Purposes Of God; Men the Instruments of God's Purposes

(II Kings 23:21-23; II Chronicles 35:1-19; Exodus 12:6; II Chronicles 29:34; 30:15; Ezra 9:11; Exodus 12:14-20; Exodus 12:39)

Ezra 5:1-5

Verse 1 ... The Hebrews; The Hebrews Again In Palestine(Then)/Holy Land(Now); The People Reproved

Reprove (rebuke, disapprove, reprimand)

Verse 2 ... The Hebrews; The Hebrews Again In Palestine(Then)/Holy Land(Now); The Work Resumed

Verses 3,4,5 ... The Hebrews; The Hebrews Again In Palestine(Then)/Holy Land(Now); The Course Pursued by the Persian Government, The Governor of Syria Makes Sharp Inquiry, but Does Not Stop the Work

Monday - July 8, 2013 - Resistance to Rebuilding the Temple - Ezra 4:1-5

The building hindered. The adversaries, being not accepted in the building of the temple, endeavor to hinder it.

Tuesday - July 9, 2013 - Accusations of Sedition - Ezra 4:11-16

Their letter to Artaxerxes.

Sedition (instigation, uprising, rebellion, disloyal, unfaithful, factious)

Wednesday - July 10, 2013 - Temple Construction Halted - Ezra 4:17-24

His decree. The work ceaseth. His decree to stop the work.

Thursday - July 11, 2013 - The Eye of God upon Them - Ezra 5:1-5

Friday - July 12, 2013 - Who Gave You a Decree? - Ezra 5:6-17

Their letter to Darius against the Jews. Zerubbabel & Jeshua, incited by Haggai & Zechariah, set forward the building of the temple: Ezra 5 ... Zerubbabel & Jeshua set forward the building of the temple in the reign of Darius: Ezra 5.

Saturday - July 13, 2013 - The Temple's Official Endorsement - Ezra 6:1-12

Sunday - July 14, 2013 - The Temple's Dedication - Ezra 6:13-22

Scripture reference used/taken from: The International Teacher's Handy Bible Encyclopedia/Concordance KJV Precious Promise Bible, the Strongest Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of The Bible, KJV Topical Reference Edition Bible, KJV (Thwe SouthWestern Co.) & Reader's Digest Oxford Complete WordFinder